Generally, there are three ways that a police officer can test you for blood alcohol concentration (BAC) during a traffic stop. They can sample your breath, blood, or urine, however breath and blood are by far the most common methods used. In addition, all states have an implied consent law, which means that by driving on the road, you have agreed to submit to BAC testing. The implied consent laws also lay out punishments for refusing to submit to BAC testing. …Read more
The Law Offices of James W. Flood, P.C. recently won a great victory for those seeking to expunge their records in Montgomery County. Our client had been previously arrested and charged with very serious felony offenses. After a full investigation and a vigorous defense, the serious charges were nolle prossed (dropped) and the client pled guilty to a minor offense. We petitioned to expunge the serious charges that had been dropped. However, the Montgomery County District Attorney’s Office opposed our request.
After a hearing, the Honorable Senior Judge William T. Nicholas granted the petition and ordered the expungement of the charges that had been nolle prossed at the time of the plea. …Read more
In Pennsylvania, a no-fault divorce will be granted only when a marriage is “irretrievably broken.” Sometimes both parties agree that the marriage is over. But when they don’t, the Divorce Code requires them to live separate and apart for two (2) continuous years before the law says the marriage is irretrievably broken. With dual income households being the norm, it is often not feasible for one party to simply vacate the home. This means that families are required to live separate lives under the same roof for two (2) years while the economic issues linger. This creates an untenable situation; not only for the parties, but often forces the children to live in a cauldron of arguments, tension, and stress. In the life of a child, two years is an eternity. …Read more
Redlich’s strategy is to limit his interaction with the police, and to avoid giving police the opportunity to claim that they can smell an odor of drugs or alcohol from the vehicle or to allege that he is slurring his words. In doing so, …Read more
Since the United States Supreme Court and Pennsylvania Supreme Court largely abolished mandatory minimum sentencing statutes in a string of decisions over the past two years, prosecutors in Pennsylvania have turned to other techniques to maximize sentences. One of these techniques is to apply enhanced sentencing guidelines when they are applicable.
In Pennsylvania, the Legislature has implemented guidelines to be followed in criminal sentencing. These guidelines are based on …Read more
A person can be convicted of public drunkenness if he appears “in any public place manifestly under the influence of alcohol or a controlled substance…to the degree that he may endanger himself or other persons or property, or annoy persons in his vicinity.”
Unlike the charge of Driving Under the Influence (DUI), there is no defined blood-alcohol limit for intoxicants before someone can be cited for public drunkenness. That is because there is no requirement in the law that police perform chemical analysis or other tests to determine whether a person is objectively under the influence of drugs or alcohol. …Read more
- The first change amended the language that controls the maximum punishment for a second-offense DUI where the driver refuses to submit to chemical testing. Until the recent amendment, the statute provided a maximum period of incarceration of six (6) months, although the crime was graded as a Misdemeanor of the First Degree, which typically carries a maximum period of incarceration of five (5) years. The law was changed to bring this Misdemeanor of the First Degree into line with others, and now provides a five (5) year exposure.
While a number of states have legalized the use of
marijuana for medicinal purposes, Colorado recently became the first state in the country to legalize the use of marijuana for recreational purposes.
Although Pennsylvania has not taken any substantial steps towards either of these approaches, a bill recently introduced in the Pennsylvania Senate …Read more